Western Australia is home to 111 principal mining projects and hundreds of smaller quarries and mines, producing over 50 different commodities. In 2016, iron ore was the state's most valuable resource, followed by liquefied natural gas, gold, alumina, crude oil and condensate, nickel, base metals (copper, lead and zinc) and heavy mineral sands (garnet, illmenite, leucoxene, zircon and rutile).

Minerals and petroleum are main industries in Western Australia and output growth is forecast for these sectors in the medium to long term. 

Western Australia is one of the most productive and diversified mineral and petroleum regions in the world, with more than 50 mineral and petroleum products being produced in commercial quantities worth A$92.1 billion in 2016. 

The State leads Australia in minerals and petroleum output and produces a significant proportion of the world’s trade in several key commodities. 


Western Australian resource production in a global context: 2016 

 

Unit

WA % of world

Western Australia

World

Rutile

'000 tonnes

41

307

743

Iron ore

Million tonnes

37

763

2,036

Garnet

'000 tonnes

34

575

1,700

Rare earths

'000 tonnes

13

17

126

Alumina

Million tonnes

12

14

115

Ilmenite

'000 tonnes

11

648

5,860

LNG

Million tonnes

9

24

264

Zircon

'000 tonnes

8

123

1,460

Diamonds

Millioncarats

8

10

127

Nickel

'000 tonnes

7

166

2,250

Gold

Tonnes

6

196

3,236

Source: Western Australia Department of Mines and Petroleum, Resources Data Files.